In the century since Nicolaos Politis, the founder of Greek folklore, embarked on the recording of the folk life and culture of Greece, a body of valuable manuscripts has gradually formed.
The Politis Material was the first manuscript collection of the Centre. This body of manuscripts is being continually added to in various ways, including regular or ad hoc fieldwork trips undertaken by Research Staff Members, the institution of annual competitions involving the collection of folklore material and the contribution of data by interested laypersons and professionals. The Research Staff Members of the period, few though they were, fulfilled their various tasks. Without technical assistance, they recorded regional Greek folk culture through interviews, recordings, photographs, film, manual recording and participant observation, often under conditions of financial and material duress.